2018 publications

Earth Economics provides a range of consulting services, groundbreaking economic research, and technology innovations to help organizations, investors, policy makers, and foundations make better decisions. Explore our services to see how you can take communities, nature, and economic vitality into account.


Gem of the emerald corridor
nature’s value in the mt. baker-snoqualmie national forest

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The economic value of natural capital in
Panama City’s Watersheds and associated ecosystems

As one of Latin America’s fastest growing populations, Panama’s economy depends on nature. The communities within the Panama District rely on benefits provided by 11 ecosystem services, which contribute over $1.6 billion each year in critical ecosystem services from the surrounding watershed.

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The natural value of forest park
an ecosystem services valuation of
america’s premier urban forest

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The food that grows out of the water
The economic benefits of wild rice in minnesota

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farmland lp 2017 impact report
Valuing the ecosystem service benefits
from regenerative agriculture practices

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Outdoor community Projects
Washington State

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Natural Resources Accounting

This report summarizes a number of opportunities for GASB (and in some cases, FASB) to get ahead of these emerging issues. Some issues can be resolved quickly and with little additional guidance, while others will require more time and guidance, but can ultimately be solved. 

Key Words: Natural Resources, Accounting, GASB, Cost-Benefit

South Platte Watershed

The South Platte River Watershed provides extensive value, approximately $7.4 billion per year in ecosystem services, to the economy and people of the watershed. 

Legal Support: Costa Rica and Its wetlands

In 2010, Nicaragua illegally dredged a canal through the Isla Calero wetlands (also known as Isla Portillos or Harbour Head Island), a tract of land belonging to Costa Rica. Dredging harmed many ecosystem services, from timber to flood protection to erosion control. In 2016, the government of Costa Rica submitted a monetary valuation of environmental damages assessed in a pro bono report created by our partners, Fundacíon Neotrópica. The Nicaraguan government has since challenged the damage assessment ($6.7 million) and the validity of Fundacíon Neotrópica’s use of an “ecosystem services approach,” stating that the damages assessed are too high.

At the request of Costa Rica’s Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Earth Economics wrote a letter to the Costa Rica government supporting ecosystem services valuation as an appropriate method for assessing environmental damage and estimating compensation.


Earth Economics helped make a strong case for investing in green infrastructure. We contributed case studies to American Rivers’ Naturally Stronger report, which describes how investing in green infrastructure produces multiple benefits: economic, environmental, and social. In addition to improving the natural function of our water systems, green infrastructure can reduce some our country’s most persistent inequities.

The Economic Impact of 2016 Loma Fire

Earth Economics assessed the true cost of a wildfire to reveal smarter land management decisions. As elsewhere in the West, the Santa Cruz Mountains are becoming more vulnerable to wildfires. Understanding the costs of these fires can help planners and developers act to prevent future damages. The Santa Clara Valley Open Space Authority (OSA) requested a comprehensive cost analysis of the September 2016 Loma Fire in Santa Clara County to better understand the nature of the damages as well as to prompt discussion about policies and land management measures that could reduce the scale, impacts, and cost of future wildfire events.

Benefit-Cost Analysis of Selected Actions from the Thurston Climate Adaptation Plan

The Thurston Climate Adaptation Plan is an important step toward ensuring community resilience and economic sustainability. As part of this plan, the Thurston Regional Planning Council is considering several actions to prepare for climate change impacts. This report provides a holistic benefit-cost analysis (BCA) for two climate adaptation actions that go beyond traditional economic measures to take nature’s services into account.

To view a full list of Earth Economics' publications since 1999, please visit our Publications Archive.