Group 1

5% reduction in effective impervious cover in each HUC10 sub-basin, supported by GI master planning within five years and reductions achieved by 2050. 

Group 2

  • Increase tree canopy in environmental justice neighborhoods by 5% yearly 

  • (Greening the Gateway Cities) 

  • Williamanset (current) 

  • Center Chicopee – future target area in low canopy zones 

  • Chicopee Falls – future target area in low canopy zones 

  • Leverage opportunities presented by existing or new projects through inter-departmental coordination and tracking and forecasting 

  • Hire Strategic Planning Guru, i.e. each department takes turn assuming role once yearly 

  • Identify local champsion/stewards to steward GI projects at the micro scale / incentive with tax rebates, citizen awards, toolkit for task (golden broom) 

Group 3

  • Every full reconstruction roadway project must have GI improvements either on site or off site 

  • 51% of MPO to up standards for GI in MassDOT projects 

  • Goal for GI implementation is for more effective design – use offsite mitigation 

Group 4

  • Require LID/GI on all city projects to maximum extent possible 

  • Develop model neighborhood projects that can be scaled up by 2025 for larger city-wide implementation 

  • Implement GI in master plan for downtown 

Group 5

Create a more sustainable city by incorporating GI and LID into new private and public construction 

  • Inform public/businesses/elected officials of benefits 

  • Create program/task force to buy-in to program and set attainable goals that are adequately funded and implemented 

  • Adopt LID/GI site plan and subdivision standards for construction and DPW O&M 

  • Prioritize areas prone to flooding and heat island (tree planting, pocket parks, etc) – plan/report 

  • Report annually on benefits of projects to encourage additional funding. Asses + revise. 

  • Task force created for 2, 10, 20-year goals 

Group 6

  • By 2030, increase tree canopy in urbanized areas for 25% 

  • By 2050, increase GI on public properties by 25% 

  • Introduce GI as part of school curriculum 

  • Create planting plan for future projects 

  • Retrofit properties taken for tax title and repurpose for GI 

  • Plant two trees for every tree taken down 



Regulatory Tools + Planning/Policy

  • More model code/regulations specific to our region developed via working groups of similarly-developed communities 

  • Move forward with adoption of stormwater off-site mitigation option for site development to improve efficiency and effectiveness of stormwater GI measures 

  • Allow off-site stormwater mitigation as part of permit process 

  • Amending local land use regulations to require use or consideration of GI/LID and removal of regulatory barriers 

  • Holistic green infrastructure master planning 

  • Layer all planning activities with a GI lens and share with community in transparent way 

  • Develop off-site mitigation/compliance program for greater flexibility in implementing GI 

  • More aggressive stormwater program (long term) 

  • Explore high performance project review models for the region 

  • Update performance measures in city ordinance to match EPA MS4 regs 

  • Stormwater code review / enhancements requiring GI/LID 

  • Identify specific projects for possible off-site mitigation 

  • Investigate feasibility of implementation of high performance permitting for stormwater projects 

  • Change site plan and subdivision code to require GI which will reduce burden on MS4 

  • Parking space buy-back program 

  • Stop using public policies to subsidize the private automobile; address root causes 


  • Stormwater utility/fees – dedicated funding source 

  • Move forward on MVP grant application 

  • Create stormwater utility to capture non-profits and create equity in fee assessment 

  • Increase project manager awareness of potential for MVP and FEMA HMGP funds for resiliency/GI projects 

  • Create enterprise funding mechanism similar to water/sewer to fund large scale projects 

  • Implement stormwater utility with incentives to install GI/LID to reduce impacts on MS4 

Operations + Maintenance 

  • Review retrofits at public facilities 

  • Review/develop maintenance strategies for GI 

  • Expand existing BMP handbook to include more details and examples of best practices 

  • Adopt DPW construction standards and policies to incorporate GI and maintenance procedures 

  • Develop technical / O&M guide for communities to use for in-house guidance and for guiding O&M agreements for private systems 

  • BMP specific templates that support O&M ease 

  • Keep retro O&M simple 

  • Provide standard bioretention design with grass, stone, or other lower maintenance cover (no plants/mulch) 

  • Develop model specs/details for GI practices with low-maintenance features 

  • Establish simple O&M plans for GI 

  • Provide BMP maintenance training for public works staff 

Making the Case for GI, GI Inventory, Education, and Other 

  • Develop a regional dataset for identifying locations where environmental/public health co-benefits of GI are key to a resilient future 

  • Add holistic valuation and co-benefits into alternatives analysis more consistently 

  • Tell the story of co-benefits to the community 

  • GI watershed master planning that includes valuation of co-benefits 

  • Build capacity in PVPC on using economic valuation tools, then provide that as a service to our constituent communities 

  • Host regional training for municipal practitioners on using economic valuation tools for making the case for GI 

  • Identify target areas – master plan for intervention 

  • Find best decision-support tools and help/facilitate use of them 

  • Inter-departmental support for GI in all new projects 

  • Public outreach (taxpayer engagement) 

  • Increased resident education 

  • Employ stormwater specialist (long term) 

  • Creating GI backlog for upstream stormwater enhancements 

  • Fine scale mapping of floodplains in each community; FIRM maps are not always accurate 

  • Inventory town-owned vs privately owned BMPs – location, type, condition 

  • Develop asset management plan to prioritize 

  • Hire enough staff 

  • More trash receptacles with signs near systems to keep trash out and create a sign equivalent to the no dumping sewer “fish” notice near drains 

Specific Projects

  • Infiltration at next CSO construction project 

  • Permeable pavement city hall parking lot and rain garden (Chicopee) 

  • Add compliant surface for our new dog park 

  • City/neighborhood partnerships to develop and maintain rain gardens 

  • Permeable pavement for bike paths along rivers (Chicopee) 

  • Decreased width on residential roads (long term) 

  • Install bioretention areas alongside walks with pretx structure 

  • Try porous pavement on residential streets near CT river 

  • City to buy vac-truck 

  • Install several rain garden / GI / LID projects as pilot programs. Implement O&M plan. Assess results. 

  • Identify retrofit locations 

  • Implement rain garden outside of Chicopee City Hall


Photo Gallery from September 2019 Workshop

Do you have photos that you’d like to share? Email them to media@eartheconomics.org